- 1 What did the natives learn in the missions?
- 2 What work was done at the Santa Cruz Mission?
- 3 What happened to the natives at the missions?
- 4 What was the purpose of Mission Santa Cruz?
- 5 Why did Spanish missions fail?
- 6 What is an interesting fact about Mission Santa Cruz?
- 7 How were the Native Americans treated at Santa Cruz?
- 8 What was the daily life in the Mission Santa Cruz?
- 9 What were the three things natives were promised in a mission?
- 10 How did rancheros treat Native American?
- 11 Why were new converts banned from leaving the missions quizlet?
- 12 What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 13 What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
- 14 What is the nickname for Mission Santa Cruz?
What did the natives learn in the missions?
The missions created new communities where the Native Americans received religious education and instruction. The Spanish established pueblos (towns) and presidios (forts) for protection. The natives lived in the missions until their religious training was complete. Both learned Spanish and attended church.
What work was done at the Santa Cruz Mission?
In 1796, Santa Cruz Mission produced 1,200 bushels of grain, 600 bushels of corn, and 6 bushels of beans. They planted vineyards and raised cattle and sheep. Their property extended from Ano Nuevo south to the Pajaro River. Native workers made cloth, leather, adobe bricks, roof tiles, and worked as blacksmiths.
What happened to the natives at the missions?
After Mexico declared independence from Spain in 1821, the Franciscans left, and the Indians were freed from the missions a little over a decade later. However, according to the book, their mistreatment and killing continued, and by many accounts, worsened under Mexican and American rule.
What was the purpose of Mission Santa Cruz?
In 1791, Father Fermin Francisco founded the Santa Cruz Mission. The site mostly served as a place to convert Ohlone Indians, a tribe native to the Santa Cruz region that still has activists in town to this day.
Why did Spanish missions fail?
2. The Plains tribes resented the missionaries and their intrusion on their hunting grounds. 3. The missions were isolated and often lacked the supplies and people to survive.
What is an interesting fact about Mission Santa Cruz?
Santa Cruz is a former Spanish mission in Santa Cruz, California. It was the 12th of California’s 21 missions. It is the only mission not named for, or connected to, a person. Instead, Santa Cruz is named for the Sacred Cross, an important symbol of the Roman Catholic Church.
How were the Native Americans treated at Santa Cruz?
Native Americans at the Santa Cruz Mission were disciplined with whippings, stockades, irons, incarceration, beatings, exile to distant missions, and executions. According to Philip Laverty, 90% of the crimes punished at the Santa Cruz Mission amounted to resistance.
What was the daily life in the Mission Santa Cruz?
Daily Life Yakuts, Neophyte, Costanoan and the Agwaswas indians lived in Santa Cruz. The indians cooked, farmed and builded. The women’s cooked the men farmed and builded the children went to school. They grown crops of bushel, grain and produce.
What were the three things natives were promised in a mission?
By law they were promised the rights of citizenship and one-half of all former mission property, but many were exploited and despoiled by speculators; others successfully assimilated into the Mexican system.
How did rancheros treat Native American?
They primarily produced hides for the world leather market and largely relied on Indian labor. Bound to the rancho by peonage, the Native Americans were treated as slaves. The Native Americans who worked on the ranchos died at twice the rate that of southern slaves.
Why were new converts banned from leaving the missions quizlet?
They did not allow the converts to Christianity leave the missions after they converted. Basically, the missions were just like these little self-sustaining societies. The two cultures will never fully mesh. The missions will seize to operate by 1832.
What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
At the mission, there were more than 50,000 cattle and sheep. They had 1,300 goats, 300 pigs, and almost 2,000 horses.
What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
The major field crops at the missions were wheat, barley, corn, beans, and peas. These crops had to be watered, so irrigation systems were devised by the padres. They brought water to the fields through stone troughs or adobe clay pipes.
What is the nickname for Mission Santa Cruz?
Mission Santa Cruz is known as ” the hard luck mission.” The first hard luck that the Mission suffered came in the form of floods.