- 1 Why is Mission Santa Cruz called the Hard Luck mission?
- 2 What work was done at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 3 What did the children do at the Santa Cruz Mission?
- 4 What did they eat at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 5 Why is Mission Santa Cruz unique?
- 6 Why was the site chosen for Mission Santa Cruz?
- 7 What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 8 How were Native Americans treated at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 9 What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
- 10 What tribes lived at Santa Cruz?
- 11 How much of the original structure remains of Mission Santa Cruz?
- 12 When did Mission Santa Cruz close?
- 13 What is Mission Santa Cruz made out of?
- 14 Why is Santa Cruz called Santa Cruz?
- 15 How many bells did Mission Santa Cruz have?
Why is Mission Santa Cruz called the Hard Luck mission?
Mission Santa Cruz is known as “the hard luck mission.” The first hard luck that the Mission suffered came in the form of floods. No one predicted that heavy rains would cause the river to swell and flood the mission twice. The second flood forced the padres to rebuild the mission on a hill overlooking the city.
What work was done at Mission Santa Cruz?
As with the other California missions, Mission Santa Cruz served as a site for ecclesiastical conversion of natives, first the Amah Mutsun people, the original inhabitants of the region renamed the “Ohlone” by the Spaniards, and later the Yokuts from the east.
What did the children do at the Santa Cruz Mission?
The women’s cooked the men farmed and builded the children went to school. They grown crops of bushel, grain and produce. There was a school and a church.
What did they eat at Mission Santa Cruz?
The main food for the Indians at the missions was a type of gruel or mush called atolé. It was made from wheat, barley, or corn that had been roasted before being ground. The ground grain was cooked in large iron kettles.
Why is Mission Santa Cruz unique?
In addition to floods, disease and pirates, Santa Cruz Mission was home to the first autopsy in California performed on Fr. Andres Quintana in 1812 after it appeared he’d been poisoned. Santa Cruz Mission State Historic Park is home to the oldest building in Santa Cruz County.
Why was the site chosen for Mission Santa Cruz?
The location for their 12th mission was chosen because it would allow them access to the coastal tribes that had remained out of the reach of the prosperous Mission Santa Clara, isolated as they were by the steep, thickly forested Santa Cruz Mountains.
What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
At the mission, there were more than 50,000 cattle and sheep. They had 1,300 goats, 300 pigs, and almost 2,000 horses.
How were Native Americans treated at Mission Santa Cruz?
Native Americans at the Santa Cruz Mission were disciplined with whippings, stockades, irons, incarceration, beatings, exile to distant missions, and executions. According to Philip Laverty, 90% of the crimes punished at the Santa Cruz Mission amounted to resistance.
What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
The major field crops at the missions were wheat, barley, corn, beans, and peas. These crops had to be watered, so irrigation systems were devised by the padres. They brought water to the fields through stone troughs or adobe clay pipes.
What tribes lived at Santa Cruz?
The Awaswas people, also known as Santa Cruz people, are one of eight divisions of the Ohlone Native Americans of Northern California. The Awaswas lived in the Santa Cruz Mountains and along the coast of present-day Santa Cruz County from present-day Davenport to Aptos.
How much of the original structure remains of Mission Santa Cruz?
Mission Santa Cruz was founded in 1791 and was the 12th of the 21 Spanish Missions founded. Unfortunately, nothing remains of the original mission today, other than a crumbling wall.
When did Mission Santa Cruz close?
After decades of private ownership, the adobe was sold to the State of California, extensively restored and finally opened in 1991 to the public as the Santa Cruz Mission SHP. Friends of Santa Cruz State Parks saved Santa Cruz Mission SHP from closure in 2012.
What is Mission Santa Cruz made out of?
In 1796, Santa Cruz Mission produced 1,200 bushels of grain, 600 bushels of corn, and 6 bushels of beans. They planted vineyards and raised cattle and sheep. Their property extended from Ano Nuevo south to the Pajaro River. Native workers made cloth, leather, adobe bricks, roof tiles, and worked as blacksmiths.
Why is Santa Cruz called Santa Cruz?
In 1769, the Spanish explorer, Don Gaspar del Portal, discovered the land area now known as the city of Santa Cruz. He named the long flowing river San Lorenzo in honor of Saint Lawrence and named the rolling hills Santa Cruz, “Holy Cross.”
How many bells did Mission Santa Cruz have?
Bell Tower: The painting shows a square bell tower with a small domed top, attached to the church at the right of the entrance. Records from 1835 mention the existence of ten mission bells, but none of the original bells are there today.