- 1 What does Santa Cruz mean in English?
- 2 Does Santa Cruz have a mission?
- 3 What was the purpose of Mission Santa Cruz?
- 4 What did people do at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 5 Does Santa Cruz have a nickname?
- 6 What is the smallest mission in California?
- 7 What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 8 Is Santa Cruz open to visitors?
- 9 What was the daily life in the Mission Santa Cruz?
- 10 What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
- 11 What Indian tribes lived in Mission Santa Cruz?
- 12 What was the very first mission built?
- 13 What is Mission Santa Cruz made out of?
- 14 What food did Mission Santa Cruz eat?
What does Santa Cruz mean in English?
In 1769 the Spanish explorer Don Gaspar de Portola discovered the land area which is now known as the City of Santa Cruz. He called the rolling hills above the river Santa Cruz, which means holy cross.
Does Santa Cruz have a mission?
The Santa Cruz Mission State Historic Park sits atop Mission Hill offering a patio, gardens, and excellent views of the city. The park features the only building left of the 12th California Mission, Misión la Exaltacion de la Santa Cruz, founded by the Franciscans in 1791.
What was the purpose of Mission Santa Cruz?
In 1791, Father Fermin Francisco founded the Santa Cruz Mission. The site mostly served as a place to convert Ohlone Indians, a tribe native to the Santa Cruz region that still has activists in town to this day.
What did people do at Mission Santa Cruz?
Native Americans at the Santa Cruz Mission were disciplined with whippings, stockades, irons, incarceration, beatings, exile to distant missions, and executions.
Does Santa Cruz have a nickname?
People in Santa Cruz use a variety of nicknames for themselves, including Santa Cruzans, Santa Cruzians, and Cruzers.
What is the smallest mission in California?
Espada is the smallest and southernmost of the missions which seems to mean less tourist traffic. When we arrived around 10 am on Sunday morning they were having a guitar mass. There is a small National Park museum there as well.
What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
At the mission, there were more than 50,000 cattle and sheep. They had 1,300 goats, 300 pigs, and almost 2,000 horses.
Is Santa Cruz open to visitors?
Santa Cruz County is open for business and ready to welcome you! Hotels, resorts, spas, restaurants, wineries, attractions, museums, parks, and more – take a look below for what to expect during your visit!
What was the daily life in the Mission Santa Cruz?
Daily Life Yakuts, Neophyte, Costanoan and the Agwaswas indians lived in Santa Cruz. The indians cooked, farmed and builded. The women’s cooked the men farmed and builded the children went to school. They grown crops of bushel, grain and produce.
What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
The major field crops at the missions were wheat, barley, corn, beans, and peas. These crops had to be watered, so irrigation systems were devised by the padres. They brought water to the fields through stone troughs or adobe clay pipes.
What Indian tribes lived in Mission Santa Cruz?
The Awaswas people, also known as Santa Cruz people, are one of eight divisions of the Ohlone Native Americans of Northern California. The Awaswas lived in the Santa Cruz Mountains and along the coast of present-day Santa Cruz County from present-day Davenport to Aptos.
What was the very first mission built?
Franciscan priest Father Junipero Serra founded the first mission in 1769. This was known as Mission San Diego de Alcalá and was located in present-day San Diego. The native Indians who occupied the region were initially resistant to the mission.
What is Mission Santa Cruz made out of?
In 1796, Santa Cruz Mission produced 1,200 bushels of grain, 600 bushels of corn, and 6 bushels of beans. They planted vineyards and raised cattle and sheep. Their property extended from Ano Nuevo south to the Pajaro River. Native workers made cloth, leather, adobe bricks, roof tiles, and worked as blacksmiths.
What food did Mission Santa Cruz eat?
Historical accounts report that the California mission Indians were fed three meals a day of maize, wheat, beans, legumes, fresh vegetables, and meat (Webb 1952).