- 1 What was life like in Santa Cruz Mission?
- 2 How were Native Americans treated at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 3 What was life in the mission like?
- 4 What did they do in the Santa Cruz Mission?
- 5 What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 6 What was the very first mission built?
- 7 What Indian tribes lived in Mission Santa Cruz?
- 8 What food did Mission Santa Cruz eat?
- 9 What did they eat at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 10 Why was life difficult at the mission for the American Indians?
- 11 What was life like in Spanish missions?
- 12 What did children do in missions?
- 13 Is Mission Santa Cruz still standing?
- 14 What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
- 15 What is the smallest mission in California?
What was life like in Santa Cruz Mission?
Daily Life Yakuts, Neophyte, Costanoan and the Agwaswas indians lived in Santa Cruz. The indians cooked, farmed and builded. The women’s cooked the men farmed and builded the children went to school. They grown crops of bushel, grain and produce.
How were Native Americans treated at Mission Santa Cruz?
Native Americans at the Santa Cruz Mission were disciplined with whippings, stockades, irons, incarceration, beatings, exile to distant missions, and executions. According to Philip Laverty, 90% of the crimes punished at the Santa Cruz Mission amounted to resistance.
What was life in the mission like?
Daily life in the missions was not like anything the Native Texans had experienced. Most had routine jobs to perform every day, and the mission priests introduced them to new ways of life and ideas. The priests supervised all activities in the mission. They would often physically punish uncooperative natives.
What did they do in the Santa Cruz Mission?
As with the other California missions, Mission Santa Cruz served as a site for ecclesiastical conversion of natives, first the Amah Mutsun people, the original inhabitants of the region renamed the “Ohlone” by the Spaniards, and later the Yokuts from the east.
What animals were raised at Mission Santa Cruz?
At the mission, there were more than 50,000 cattle and sheep. They had 1,300 goats, 300 pigs, and almost 2,000 horses.
What was the very first mission built?
Franciscan priest Father Junipero Serra founded the first mission in 1769. This was known as Mission San Diego de Alcalá and was located in present-day San Diego. The native Indians who occupied the region were initially resistant to the mission.
What Indian tribes lived in Mission Santa Cruz?
The Awaswas people, also known as Santa Cruz people, are one of eight divisions of the Ohlone Native Americans of Northern California. The Awaswas lived in the Santa Cruz Mountains and along the coast of present-day Santa Cruz County from present-day Davenport to Aptos.
What food did Mission Santa Cruz eat?
Historical accounts report that the California mission Indians were fed three meals a day of maize, wheat, beans, legumes, fresh vegetables, and meat (Webb 1952).
What did they eat at Mission Santa Cruz?
The main food for the Indians at the missions was a type of gruel or mush called atolé. It was made from wheat, barley, or corn that had been roasted before being ground. The ground grain was cooked in large iron kettles.
Why was life difficult at the mission for the American Indians?
Disease, starvation, over work and torture decimated these tribes. Many were baptized as Roman Catholics by the Franciscan missionaries at the missions.
What was life like in Spanish missions?
The missionaries themselves lived a life of piety and poverty and were in constant danger and fear for their lives. Along with their Indian charges, they, too, toiled in the missions, farmlands, and ranches.
What did children do in missions?
Children may play tag or marbles. Some Indians are learning to play the guitar or violin, which are used in worship. Spanish dances are taught as an acceptable form of recreation. Sunset brings an end to the day.
Is Mission Santa Cruz still standing?
Mission Santa Cruz was the twelfth mission built in California, founded September 25, 1791, by Father Fermin Lasuen. The name Mission Santa Cruz means Holy Cross Mission. Mission Santa Cruz was known as the “hard luck mission.” Today, it has the only remaining example of Indian housing in California.
What crops were grown in Santa Cruz Mission?
The major field crops at the missions were wheat, barley, corn, beans, and peas. These crops had to be watered, so irrigation systems were devised by the padres. They brought water to the fields through stone troughs or adobe clay pipes.
What is the smallest mission in California?
Espada is the smallest and southernmost of the missions which seems to mean less tourist traffic. When we arrived around 10 am on Sunday morning they were having a guitar mass. There is a small National Park museum there as well.