- 1 What did they do in the Santa Cruz Mission?
- 2 What crops were grown at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 3 What animals were at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 4 What special features are seen at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 5 Is Mission Santa Cruz still standing?
- 6 What was the very first mission built?
- 7 How were the Native Americans treated at Santa Cruz?
- 8 What Indian tribes lived in Mission Santa Cruz?
- 9 What did they eat at Mission Santa Cruz?
- 10 What was life like in Santa Cruz Mission?
- 11 How many bells did Mission Santa Cruz have?
- 12 What is the smallest mission in California?
- 13 How much of the original structure remains of Mission Santa Cruz?
- 14 What is Santa Cruz named after?
What did they do in the Santa Cruz Mission?
As with the other California missions, Mission Santa Cruz served as a site for ecclesiastical conversion of natives, first the Amah Mutsun people, the original inhabitants of the region renamed the “Ohlone” by the Spaniards, and later the Yokuts from the east.
What crops were grown at Mission Santa Cruz?
The major field crops at the missions were wheat, barley, corn, beans, and peas. These crops had to be watered, so irrigation systems were devised by the padres. They brought water to the fields through stone troughs or adobe clay pipes.
What animals were at Mission Santa Cruz?
At the mission, there were more than 50,000 cattle and sheep. They had 1,300 goats, 300 pigs, and almost 2,000 horses.
What special features are seen at Mission Santa Cruz?
Mission Santa Cruz Mission, the 12th mission, was built in 1791 and rebuilt in 1931. Mission Santa Cruz, part of Santa Cruz Mission State Historic Park, features an unassuming structure, a circular water fountain and park grounds in a largely residential area. It is the second mission built.
Is Mission Santa Cruz still standing?
Mission Santa Cruz was the twelfth mission built in California, founded September 25, 1791, by Father Fermin Lasuen. The name Mission Santa Cruz means Holy Cross Mission. Mission Santa Cruz was known as the “hard luck mission.” Today, it has the only remaining example of Indian housing in California.
What was the very first mission built?
Franciscan priest Father Junipero Serra founded the first mission in 1769. This was known as Mission San Diego de Alcalá and was located in present-day San Diego. The native Indians who occupied the region were initially resistant to the mission.
How were the Native Americans treated at Santa Cruz?
Native Americans at the Santa Cruz Mission were disciplined with whippings, stockades, irons, incarceration, beatings, exile to distant missions, and executions. According to Philip Laverty, 90% of the crimes punished at the Santa Cruz Mission amounted to resistance.
What Indian tribes lived in Mission Santa Cruz?
The Awaswas people, also known as Santa Cruz people, are one of eight divisions of the Ohlone Native Americans of Northern California. The Awaswas lived in the Santa Cruz Mountains and along the coast of present-day Santa Cruz County from present-day Davenport to Aptos.
What did they eat at Mission Santa Cruz?
The main food for the Indians at the missions was a type of gruel or mush called atolé. It was made from wheat, barley, or corn that had been roasted before being ground. The ground grain was cooked in large iron kettles.
What was life like in Santa Cruz Mission?
Daily Life Yakuts, Neophyte, Costanoan and the Agwaswas indians lived in Santa Cruz. The indians cooked, farmed and builded. The women’s cooked the men farmed and builded the children went to school. They grown crops of bushel, grain and produce.
How many bells did Mission Santa Cruz have?
Bell Tower: The painting shows a square bell tower with a small domed top, attached to the church at the right of the entrance. Records from 1835 mention the existence of ten mission bells, but none of the original bells are there today.
What is the smallest mission in California?
Espada is the smallest and southernmost of the missions which seems to mean less tourist traffic. When we arrived around 10 am on Sunday morning they were having a guitar mass. There is a small National Park museum there as well.
How much of the original structure remains of Mission Santa Cruz?
Mission Santa Cruz was founded in 1791 and was the 12th of the 21 Spanish Missions founded. Unfortunately, nothing remains of the original mission today, other than a crumbling wall.
What is Santa Cruz named after?
In 1769 the Spanish explorer Don Gaspar de Portola discovered the land area which is now known as the City of Santa Cruz. He called the rolling hills above the river Santa Cruz, which means holy cross.